Green Building Techniques and Materials on Construction Projects

Published On 11/5/2021
Author : Naman Shah

All over India, builders have begun to acknowledge and notice the importance of applying green building strategies. The primary reason for this being the fossil fuel depletion and greenhouse gas emissions caused by using more conventional construction materials like concrete.

Green building materials not only protect the environment but also reduce construction costs. These materials and techniques minimize greenhouse emissions, reduce expenditure, save time and increase the efficiency of the construction. Consider the following six green building strategies and materials.

1) Grasscrete

Grasscrete is a type of concrete that contains grass blades. Pieces of grass are inserted between the concrete pores to increase absorption, drainage and durability.

To boost drainage, grasscrete is oftentimes used on driveways, footpaths and parking lots.

It can also trap stormwater without causing damage to the concrete surface. The grass in grasscrete serves as a natural biological filter, which is especially essential in order to eliminate pollutants.

2) Straw Bale

Another popular green building material is straw bale. It’s a natural product used to design walls and other surfaces similar to it. Straw bale has proven to be an eco-friendly replacement to stone, concrete and plaster. In addition, straw bale offers tremendous insulation for all weather conditions, warm or cold.

Builders don’t have t think about greenhouse gas pollutions or degrading natural resources since straw bale is extremely renewable.

3) Wool Bricks

In a commercial and residential building, conventional bricks have been used for quite a long time. These also lead, however, to emissions of greenhouse gases during kiln fire.

Wool bricks exist as a much more eco-friendly solution to conventional bricks. These are bricks layered with wool and a natural polymer. These materials strengthen the brick, which makes it less susceptible to greenhouse gas emissions. Wool bricks are also more cold weather resistant and reduce winter energy consumption.

4) Waste management on the Construction site

Not only green building materials, certain strategies and techniques help decrease waste and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A major strategy is waste management on the construction.

Many construction firms are decreasing their wastes by recycling and improving their waste disposal standards. Concrete, for starters, may be crushed and installed as a base material on the job site. Parking lots, homes, walls and floors are often stabilized with crushed concrete. 

Also, smaller builders too are following these strategies to play their part in sustainability. Many residential experts, such as The Sociable Weaver, are making their way as green building specialists.

When waste cannot be recycled, improved waste management methods also lead to less materials being disposed of. Many businesses already use state-of-the-art waste transportation and processing techniques to facilitate waste management. Better waste sorting systems often permit contractors, when they spill their building waste, to use a single container.

5) Prefabrication Techniques

Another effective green building strategy is the prefabrication and modular construction. If a structure is constructed in a controlled setting, the materials required are precisely calculated in advance and reduce waste and make structures more effective. The structural integrity of building materials can also be more precisely selected and checked.

Prefabricated buildings allow entrepreneurs to design all aspects of the structure. For instance –, sheet metal can be measured and cut for HVAC ducts while timely estimates of wood can be made for floors. The end result is a long lasting and energy-efficient prefabricated structure.

6) Automated Building Systems

Innovations in construction technology introduced green building methods and strategies. Builders now have access, through IoT (internet of things), to device data that allows them to save energy consumption. For instance-, sensors recording temperature, pressure, humidity, and carbon dioxide levels in real time are being used in different building components. These sensors can be mounted on HVAC, illumination systems and building windows.

After the necessary observations, the sensors relay signals that can supply warm and cool air to your HVAC device. Certain IoT devices allow builders to save money on electricity, by turning off the lights when no one is using them.

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